Climatic evolution at the northern rim of Pangea (Svalbard) during Permian/Carboniferous times

Christian Scheibner (in cooperation with Dierk Blomeier, Norsk Polarinstitutt)


Master Project of Anna Dustira: Webpage Geological fieldwork in Northeastern Svalbard: Carboniferous and Permian stratigraphy

DFG Project SCHE 685/3-1

The Carboniferous to Permian is characterized by the formation of the supercontinent Pangea as well as by pronounced climatic changes, from glacial to nonglacial conditions. During the Carboniferous to Permian glaciation (Visean - Sakmarian) high frequent and high amplitudinal sea-level fluctuations of over 100 m led to a strong cyclicity of the deposits of this time period. In contrast, the middle to upper Permian sediments are deposited during low-frequent and low amplitudinal sea-level fluctuations.
During the Carboniferous to Permian Svalbard is moving from 30°N to 50°N and is located at a key position at the northern rim of Pangea. It represents the geographical link between the warm-temperate to cold areas of the Canadian arctic and the tropical Tethys. To evaluate the influence of both geo-systems, apart from sedimentologic, sequencestratigraphic and geochemical investi-gations, the paleoecology and paleobiography of late Paleozoic larger foraminifera (fusulinids) form a central point in our research. The scientific interest is focussed on the sedimentologic and paleogeographic reconstruction of the depositional area, as well as on the documentation and interpretation of the climatic and oceanographic changes and their effects on the sediment and on the marine organisms during the Carboniferous to Permian
Formations of the Billefjorden Group (Famennian-Visean), Gips-dalen Group (Serpukhovian-Artinskian) and Tempelfjorden Group (Artinskian-Kazanian) are investigated on both sides of the Hinlopenstreet (NE Spitsbergen, Nordaustlandet) within a mapping project of the Norwegian Polarinstitute. Stratigraphic sections, petrological (microfacies), paleontological (biostrati-graphy), and geochemical (stable isotopes, XRD, XRF) analyses form the research methods of the study.

During the first field season (June – August 2004) 8 sections with a thickness ranging from 55 m to 150 m have been sampled which cover parts of the Billefjorden and Gipsdalen Group.


Scheibner, C., Blomeier, D., Forke, H., Gesierich, K. (2015) From terrestrial to shallow-marine depositional environments: reconstruction of the depositional environments during the Late Carboniferous transgression of the Lomfjorden Trough in NE Spitsbergen (Malte Brunfjellet Formation) Norwegian Journal of Geology Vol 95: 127-152 PDF

Blomeier, D., Carmohn, A., Forke, H., Scheibner, C. (2013): Facies analysis and depositional environments of a storm-dominated, temperate to cold, mixed siliceous-carbonate ramp: the Permian Kapp Starostin Formation in NE Svalbard, Norwegian Journal of Geology 93: 75-93 PDF

Scheibner, C., Hartkopf-Fröder, C., Blomeier, D., Forke, H., (2012) The Lower Carboniferous in NE Spitsbergen and a re-evaluation of the Billefjorden Group, Z. dt. Ges. Geowiss. 163: 293-308

Blomeier, D., Carmohn, A., Scheibner, C., Forke, H. (2011): Environmental change in the Permian of Spitsbergen: From a warm-water carbonate platform (Templet and Sørfonna members, Gipshuken Formation) to a temperate, mixed siliciclastic-carbonate ramp (Vøringen Member, Kapp Starostin Formation). Facies 57: 493-523 PDF

Blomeier, D., Scheibner, C., Forke, H. (2009): Facies arrangement and cyclostratigraphic architecture of a shallow-marine, warm-water carbonate platform: The Late Carboniferous Ny Friesland Platform in eastern Spitsbergen (Pyefjellet Beds, Wordiekammen Formation, Gipsdalen Group). Facies 55: 291-324. PDF

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